Chemical peel is a technique used to regenerate skin, it is also an anti aging procedure. You need a dermatologist to evaluate your skin and the application is done by a trained dermatologist.
They cause the skin to exfoliate/peel off and a new skin regrows. The new skin is smoother and has a radiant glow.
There are three chemicals, the glycolic acid ( alpha hydroxy acids AHA), the more potent, trichloroacetic acid, and the Jessners solution (containing lactic and salicylic acid).
Your dermatologist will assess you and decide which superficial or deep peel is needed and the type of solution to be used. You may need to stop the use of some medications like strong vitamin A creams. The skin is primed with pre conditioning creams. You may need 2 to 4 AHA sessions for acne but more for acne scars . You may need 1-3 sessions for freckles but more for deep pigment problems.
The dermatologist applies the solution to exfoliate the skin. You will feel a hot sensation for 5 to 10 minutes. The deeper peels are more painful and may require anesthetic creams before the procedure. Within the next few days, the face will be red, scaly, and peel off. Deeper peels turn brown black, show swelling and peel off after 1 to 2 weeks.
Superficial peels use 35 to 50 % AHA. Three main complications are:
Deep peels like trichloroacetic acids of 35 to 50 % can lead to swelling , blisters, and scars.
Chemical peels cannot change pore size or broken veins on the skin. Peels cannot remove deep scars, deep wrinkles, sagging skin. Laser and other surgery may be needed.