“White spot” is a superficial fungal infection of the skin. The medical term is Pityriasis versicolor or Tinea versicolor.
It usually affects adults and causes an itchy, scaly rash that appears as white, pink or brown patches on the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders and limbs. The condition is often aggravated by excessive sweating.
Hypopigmented tinea versicolor
Ringworm is a common term for superficial fungal infection of the skin which appears as scaly, red, rounded patches with a tendency to form rings. It is known as tinea corporis when it affects the body, and tinea cruris when it affects the groin. Tinea capitis, or ringworm of the scalp, affects mainly children and can cause hair loss. However, this condition is relatively uncommon in Singapore. Healing may result in pigmentation of the skin.
Malassezia folliculitis is an inflammatory skin disorder that is triggered by yeast known as Malassezia, which occurs naturally on skin.
Malassezia folliculitis resembles acne because it is characterised by clusters of raised, red bumps of various sizes that look very much like pimples. Malassezia folliculitis bumps tend to itch and are uniform in size. The skin surrounding the bumps tends to have a diffuse redness that’s not typically seen with acne.
Malassezia folliculitis can be diagnosed by a fungal scrape, and thereafter treated with topical or oral antifungal agents.
This is known as tinea pedis and is one of the most common fungal infections of the skin. The skin on the soles and toewebs becomes very scaly and peels. It is itchy and occasionally small blisters may appear. The infection can also affect the toenails.
This is a yeast infection that often affects moist areas like the skin folds, armpits and groins. It also occurs commonly on the genitalia and can cause a vaginal discharge in women. It is more common in people with diabetes mellitus, and appears as itchy red spots or patches.